A 10-year-old son. The Council`s deliberations remained suspended for a decade and, until now, it had only produced fragmentary results: its dogmatic definitions were incomplete, only a fraction of the controversies with the Protestants were resolved doctrinally; His reform decrees, which left many pressing demands of the bishops unanswered, were even less satisfactory. In 1553 Julius III prepared a vast reforming bull to deal with the many unresolved practical problems, but he died before being published. Paul iv, who had always been against the Council, convened a pontifical reform assembly in Rome in 1556 to replace the Council, but this assembly was dissolved shortly thereafter because of the Pope`s war against Spain. The Council also had a clear objective of reforming the ministries of popes, bishops and priests. Attempts to reform the papacy were unsuccessful, but the Council made many new demands on the bishops. It issued a decree in which it insisted that bishops live in their dioceses and prohibit them from behaving in addition to a ministry at the same time. The Council also sought to establish a closer relationship between bishops and local clergy. It required bishops to meet regularly with their clergymen, visits and beobovergues from local parishes, selective selection of priests and promote homily on Sundays and feasts.

The Council stressed the role of the parish as an appropriate place to meet the spiritual needs of a community and invited each diocese to create a seminary to train the poor boys in the priesthood. In 1545, Pope Paul III gathered bishops and theologians in the city of Trento in northern Italy to meet the challenges posed by Protestants and reformers in the Roman Catholic Church. This session, known as the Council of Trent, met over three separate periods, between 1545 and 1563. The decisions she made had a great influence on the subsequent history of the Church. Giovanni Maria del Monte, who was the supreme legate in the first phase of the Council, was elected pope in February 1550 and took the name of Julius III. Immediately, under pressure from the emperor, to reconvene the Council and, in particular, to continue his reform activities. The new pope faced many of the same political problems as his predecessor, and it was in the teeth of the strong resistance of the German Protestant princes and the new King of France, Henry II, that the Council of Trent was reopened on 1 May 1551.